naive_time_parse() is a parser into a naive-time.

naive_time_parse() is useful when you have date-time strings like: "2020-01-01 01:04:30". If there is no attached UTC offset or time zone name, then parsing this string as a naive-time is your best option. If you know that this string should be interpreted in a specific time zone, parse as a naive-time, then use as_zoned_time().

The default options assume that x should be parsed at second precision, using a format string of "%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S".

naive_time_parse() ignores both the %z and %Z commands.

If your date-time strings contain a full time zone name and a UTC offset, use zoned_time_parse_complete(). If they contain a time zone abbreviation, use zoned_time_parse_abbrev().

If your date-time strings contain a UTC offset, but not a full time zone name, use sys_time_parse().

naive_time_parse(
  x,
  ...,
  format = NULL,
  precision = "second",
  locale = clock_locale()
)

Arguments

x

[character]

A character vector to parse.

...

These dots are for future extensions and must be empty.

format

[character / NULL]

A format string. A combination of the following commands, or NULL, in which case a default format string is used.

A vector of multiple format strings can be supplied. They will be tried in the order they are provided.

Year

  • %C: The century as a decimal number. The modified command %NC where N is a positive decimal integer specifies the maximum number of characters to read. If not specified, the default is 2. Leading zeroes are permitted but not required.

  • %y: The last two decimal digits of the year. If the century is not otherwise specified (e.g. with %C), values in the range [69 - 99] are presumed to refer to the years [1969 - 1999], and values in the range [00 - 68] are presumed to refer to the years [2000 - 2068]. The modified command %Ny, where N is a positive decimal integer, specifies the maximum number of characters to read. If not specified, the default is 2. Leading zeroes are permitted but not required.

  • %Y: The year as a decimal number. The modified command %NY where N is a positive decimal integer specifies the maximum number of characters to read. If not specified, the default is 4. Leading zeroes are permitted but not required.

Month

  • %b, %B, %h: The locale's full or abbreviated case-insensitive month name.

  • %m: The month as a decimal number. January is 1. The modified command %Nm where N is a positive decimal integer specifies the maximum number of characters to read. If not specified, the default is 2. Leading zeroes are permitted but not required.

Day

  • %d, %e: The day of the month as a decimal number. The modified command %Nd where N is a positive decimal integer specifies the maximum number of characters to read. If not specified, the default is 2. Leading zeroes are permitted but not required.

Day of the week

  • %a, %A: The locale's full or abbreviated case-insensitive weekday name.

  • %w: The weekday as a decimal number (0-6), where Sunday is 0. The modified command %Nw where N is a positive decimal integer specifies the maximum number of characters to read. If not specified, the default is 1. Leading zeroes are permitted but not required.

ISO 8601 week-based year

  • %g: The last two decimal digits of the ISO week-based year. The modified command %Ng where N is a positive decimal integer specifies the maximum number of characters to read. If not specified, the default is 2. Leading zeroes are permitted but not required.

  • %G: The ISO week-based year as a decimal number. The modified command %NG where N is a positive decimal integer specifies the maximum number of characters to read. If not specified, the default is 4. Leading zeroes are permitted but not required.

  • %V: The ISO week-based week number as a decimal number. The modified command %NV where N is a positive decimal integer specifies the maximum number of characters to read. If not specified, the default is 2. Leading zeroes are permitted but not required.

  • %u: The ISO weekday as a decimal number (1-7), where Monday is 1. The modified command %Nu where N is a positive decimal integer specifies the maximum number of characters to read. If not specified, the default is 1. Leading zeroes are permitted but not required.

Week of the year

  • %U: The week number of the year as a decimal number. The first Sunday of the year is the first day of week 01. Days of the same year prior to that are in week 00. The modified command %NU where N is a positive decimal integer specifies the maximum number of characters to read. If not specified, the default is 2. Leading zeroes are permitted but not required.

  • %W: The week number of the year as a decimal number. The first Monday of the year is the first day of week 01. Days of the same year prior to that are in week 00. The modified command %NW where N is a positive decimal integer specifies the maximum number of characters to read. If not specified, the default is 2. Leading zeroes are permitted but not required.

Day of the year

  • %j: The day of the year as a decimal number. January 1 is 1. The modified command %Nj where N is a positive decimal integer specifies the maximum number of characters to read. If not specified, the default is 3. Leading zeroes are permitted but not required.

Date

  • %D, %x: Equivalent to %m/%d/%y.

  • %F: Equivalent to %Y-%m-%d. If modified with a width (like %NF), the width is applied to only %Y.

Time of day

  • %H: The hour (24-hour clock) as a decimal number. The modified command %NH where N is a positive decimal integer specifies the maximum number of characters to read. If not specified, the default is 2. Leading zeroes are permitted but not required.

  • %I: The hour (12-hour clock) as a decimal number. The modified command %NI where N is a positive decimal integer specifies the maximum number of characters to read. If not specified, the default is 2. Leading zeroes are permitted but not required.

  • %M: The minutes as a decimal number. The modified command %NM where N is a positive decimal integer specifies the maximum number of characters to read. If not specified, the default is 2. Leading zeroes are permitted but not required.

  • %S: The seconds as a decimal number. The modified command %NS where N is a positive decimal integer specifies the maximum number of characters to read. If not specified, the default is determined by the precision that you are parsing at. If encountered, the locale determines the decimal point character. Leading zeroes are permitted but not required.

  • %p: The locale's equivalent of the AM/PM designations associated with a 12-hour clock. The command %I must precede %p in the format string.

  • %R: Equivalent to %H:%M.

  • %T, %X: Equivalent to %H:%M:%S.

  • %r: Equivalent to %I:%M:%S %p.

Time zone

  • %z: The offset from UTC in the format [+|-]hh[mm]. For example -0430 refers to 4 hours 30 minutes behind UTC. And 04 refers to 4 hours ahead of UTC. The modified command %Ez parses a : between the hours and minutes and leading zeroes on the hour field are optional: [+|-]h[h][:mm]. For example -04:30 refers to 4 hours 30 minutes behind UTC. And 4 refers to 4 hours ahead of UTC.

  • %Z: The full time zone name or the time zone abbreviation, depending on the function being used. A single word is parsed. This word can only contain characters that are alphanumeric, or one of '_', '/', '-' or '+'.

Miscellaneous

  • %c: A date and time representation. Equivalent to %a %b %d %H:%M:%S %Y.

  • %%: A % character.

  • %n: Matches one white space character. %n, %t, and a space can be combined to match a wide range of white-space patterns. For example "%n " matches one or more white space characters, and "%n%t%t" matches one to three white space characters.

  • %t: Matches zero or one white space characters.

precision

[character(1)]

A precision for the resulting time point. One of:

  • "day"

  • "hour"

  • "minute"

  • "second"

  • "millisecond"

  • "microsecond"

  • "nanosecond"

Setting the precision determines how much information %S attempts to parse.

locale

[clock_locale]

A locale object created from clock_locale().

Value

A naive-time.

Examples

naive_time_parse("2020-01-01 05:06:07")
#> <time_point<naive><second>[1]> #> [1] "2020-01-01 05:06:07"
# Day precision naive_time_parse("2020-01-01", precision = "day")
#> <time_point<naive><day>[1]> #> [1] "2020-01-01"
# Nanosecond precision, but using a day based format naive_time_parse("2020-01-01", format = "%Y-%m-%d", precision = "nanosecond")
#> <time_point<naive><nanosecond>[1]> #> [1] "2020-01-01 00:00:00.000000000"
# Remember that the `%z` and `%Z` commands are ignored entirely! naive_time_parse( "2020-01-01 -4000 America/New_York", format = "%Y-%m-%d %z %Z" )
#> <time_point<naive><second>[1]> #> [1] "2020-01-01 00:00:00"